Proposing and Applying the Observational-Implementation Hybrid Approach

Justin Knox, PhD, MPH | October 10, 2023: We recently proposed the observational-implementation hybrid approach, or the incorporation of implementation science elements into observational studies in order to collect information that will allow for anticipation, estimation, and/or inference about the effects of interventions and implementation strategies. We describe this approach, including examples of how we…

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The Economics of Efficiency in Implementation Science

Todd Wagner, PhD | May 9, 2023: Efficiency is upheld as a cornerstone of high-quality care. Unfortunately, the term efficiency is used in different contexts, creating substantial confusion about what it means. In this talk, I define efficiency as it relates to the delivery of health care. I then review different frameworks for measuring it…

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Development of an integrated implementation determinant framework for shared learning to promote health equity

Lilian Perez, PhD and James Merle, PhD | May 2, 2023: As evidence-based innovations (EBIs) are translated into clinical and community settings, implementation determinant frameworks can help understand the factors that impede or facilitate implementation outcomes. Use of different frameworks across implementation initiatives can impede shared learning. To develop a framework for shared learning in…

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Bridging policy research and implementation science

Beth McGinty, PhD | April 25, 2023: Policy implementation is a key but often-ignored aspect of policy effectiveness. Public policy research typically considers the effects of having versus not having a policy on outcomes, without considering whether and how the policy was implemented – even though the effects of policies on their intended outcome depend…

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Prosocial Behaviors as a Marker of Health and Enhancer of Well-Being

Gustavo Carlo, PhD | April 18, 2023: Drawing upon a strengths-based, cultural assets perspective, I will present evidence on the growth properties of prosocial behaviors and assert the need to incorporate prosocial behaviors as a marker of health and well being. The presentation will focus on risk and protective correlates and consequences of prosocial behaviors…

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A cost-effectiveness analysis of telemedicine and mobile health interventions to support continuing care

Andrew Quanbeck, PhD | April 11, 2023: This presentation reports the cost-effectiveness analysis from a fully powered randomized clinical trial that featured a head-to-head comparison between telemedicine and digital health interventions for providing continuing care for patients with alcohol use disorder. A telemedicine intervention (telephone monitoring and counseling: TMC) and a mobile health intervention (Alcohol…

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Swimming Downstream to Catch Upstream Prevention

Lisa Saldana, PhD | March 31, 2023: FAIR (Families Actively Improving Relationships) is an evidence-based practice for parents referred to the child welfare system. Treatment addresses substance use (primarily opioids and/or methamphetamine), mental health, parenting, and ancillary needs. FAIR is community-based and relies on collaboration with service and community partners. As part of the NIH…

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Charting an Interdisciplinary Course to Advance Policy D&I and Reduce the Research to Policy Gap

Erika Crable, PhD | May 16, 2023: The ‘research to policy gap’ describes the failure to translate research findings into real-world, evidence-informed policies. This gap is dangerous to health systems and population health, but dissemination and implementation science (D&I) is poised to address this pervasive problem by designing effective strategies that promote evidence-informed policy and…

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