From single to multiple behaviour change approaches in implementation science

Justin Presseau, PhD | April 2, 2024 : Behaviour change theory-informed implementation intervention development and evaluation often focuses on improving sub-optimally performed clinical practice, redressing variations in care, or de-implementing lower-value care. In many instances, such approaches focus on a given clinical action as the target for change. However, the professional context of those delivering…

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The Stanford Lightning Report: An Implementation Science Rapid Qualitative Approach for Formative Evaluation

Catherine Brown Johnson, PhD and Steve Asch, MD, MPH | March 26, 2024: The Stanford Lightning Report is a structured but flexible rapid qualitative approach used to increase the pace of learning in healthcare implementation. Supporting Learning Health System goals as well as large-scale research agendas, it can be applied across settings, from quality improvement…

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Assessing Implementation Strategies for the Uptake of Bundled Interventions to Improve Culturally Relevant Care for Black Women with HIV

Andrea Dakin, PhD, MA, AIDS Foundation Chicago; Serena Rajabiun, PhD, University of Massachusetts Lowell ; Alicia Downes, LMSW AIDS United; Corliss Heath, PhD, US Department of Health and Human Services | March 5, 2024:   The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), HIV/AIDS Bureau(HAB), Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP), Part F- Special Projects of National…

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Implementing Collaborative Care for Co-Occurring Disorders in Low-resourced Settings

Katherine Watkins, MD, MSHS | March 12, 2024: Untreated co-occurring opioid use disorders and mental illness are prevalent and can have devastating consequences for the individual, their families, and the community. The Collaborative Care Model (CoCM) improves outcomes by addressing problems in access and quality for primary care patients with common behavioral health conditions but…

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It Takes a Village: Implementing a Pragmatic Trial to Evaluate a Group Telehealth Intervention for Family Members Affected by Opioid Use Disorder

Karen Osilla, PhD | February 27, 2024: Opioid use disorder (OUD) has devastating effects on individuals, families, and communities. This presentation describes eINSPIRE (INtegrating Support Persons Into REcovery), a pragmatic randomized trial that tests the Community Reinforcement Approach and Family Training (CRAFT) intervention delivered via group telehealth therapy compared to usual care. CRAFT is an…

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Eight Characteristics of Rigorous Multilevel Implementation Research: A Step-by-Step Guide

Gregory Aarons, PhD | February 20, 2024: Although healthcare is delivered in inherently multilevel contexts, implementation science has no widely endorsed methodological standards defining the characteristics of rigorous, multilevel implementation research. Presenters will identify and describe eight characteristics of high-quality, multilevel implementation research to encourage discussion, spur debate, and guide decision-making around study design and…

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Four Ways to Conceptualize and Study Policy in Implementation Science Research

Jonathan Purtle, DrPH, MSc | February 13, 2024: This presentation will offer a typology of four ways to conceptualize policy in implementation science research: 1) Policy as something to adopt, 2) Policy as something to implement, 3) Policy as context to understand, and 4) Policy as strategy to use. Examples will be provided of studies…

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Beyond Jacobson & Truax: Modern Methods for Estimating Clinically Significant Change

Antonio Morgan-Lopez, PhD | January 16, 2024: In the majority of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) the focus is on differences in the average change over time on outcomes across intervention conditions, with variation in individual trajectories often treated as nuisance. In contrast, a primary focus on inferences regarding the improvement (or worsening) of individual participants…

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